Case Study - Cleveland Steel & Tubes


Company NameCleveland Steel & Tubes Ltd.
Year established1973
Geographical coverageWorldwide (A founder of the Bianco Group) – Cleveland Steel Tubes has a 100 acre site in North Yorkshire
Product / service range

Cleveland Steel & Tubes is the largest stockholder of non-prime and repurposed steel tubes in the United Kingdom. They offer repurposed steel for construction and infrastructure projects. 

Features & Benefits (of key products / services)
  • Independent LCA research which demonstrates up to a 96% carbon saving when opting to re-use surplus pipes over new.
  • A key strength is the ability to look at client’s specifications and if an exact match from inventory is not readily available, review the application and recommend alternative options that will satisfy the technical requirement.
  • Always hold 80,000 tonnes in stock in North Yorkshire facility at any one time and offer a full range of services to provide a finished item at short notice.
  • Re-used steel independently tested and certified.
  • Savings on material costs.
  • On-site services include: cutting, welding, shot blasting, painting, worldwide logistics and storage facilities. This enables the business to be flexible which has seen it supply repurposed steel for the 2012 Olympic Stadium in London, the London Eye and the roof over Court No. 1 at Wimbledon.
Types of clients/ target clients

Cleveland Steel & Tubes supplies to other 30 sectors. Clients include

  • Contractors 
  • Engineers
  • Architects

Reuse case studies from Cleveland Steel & Tubes

ClientGRAHAM Civil Engineering
ProjectPrince Charles Wharf, Port of Dundee
Project summary and key facts

In August 2020, GRAHAM Civil Engineering commenced the construction of a new wharf at the Port of Dundee and the preparation of 15 hectares of land, all to support the emerging energy transition sector. 

This work is a key component of the “epic” £40m redevelopment programme at the port that promises to bring “significant benefits” to Dundee and the whole of Scotland.

The scheme consisted of replacing the existing Caledon East Wharf with a new heavy lift quayside that is capable of roll on/ roll off operations as well as conventional lift on/off.

Summary of reuse and resource efficiency
  • The original project design demanded tubular piling 914 mm O/Dia x 25.4 mm Wt., however an Alternative cost effective value engineered solution of 911.8 mm O/Dia x 28.9 mm Wt. was put forward and eventually accepted by the design team.
  • The mother pipe for this size pile was available in stock as new unused surplus offshore gas line pipe, originally produced for Statoil (now Equinor) in Norway.  This provided the project with a Sustainable solution, showing a substantial carbon savings of approx. 95% or 2200 Tonnes  of carbon, when compared to new production.  
Prince Charles Wharf. Image credit: Cleveland Steel & Tubes
Prince Charles Wharf. Image credit: Cleveland Steel & Tubes
ProjectWood Wharf, Residential Led, Mixed Use, Waterside Community
Project summary and key facts

Canary Wharf’s new district; Wood Wharf, has been designed to provide a new waterside community, defined by the quality of its public spaces and the diversity of its land uses.

Laing O’ Rourke were tasked with creating a concrete foundation slab to be positioned on steel encased reinforced concrete tubular piles that would sit above the water level of the Thames upon which several of the main towers involved in the development would be built.
As part of the foundation the following tubular pile lengths were urgently required; 124 tubular piles 1219 mm O/Dia x 10 mm Wt. x 17-18 m long

Having competitively tendered and won the contract to supply, Cleveland Steel & Tubes Ltd (CST) set about reserving the suitable quality and quantity of mother pipe from its own stock and, using its own in-house certified facilities, started to fabricate the long lengths required.

Summary of reuse and resource efficiency

Reinforced bayonet collars were required on the top of each casing, enabling the casing to be twisted into the ground. The collar is normally 40 mm thick, which would usually require a specialist rolling, which for these large diameter casings means expense and time.

A specific request was made of CST by the Project Construction Manager to come up with another design for the collar, leading to a suggestion that a 500 mm long piece of 1219 mm O/Dia x 17.5 mm Wt. mother pipe could be cut into sections (arcs) and welded around the top of the casing.

This option was indeed taken up by the project and meant a good Cost Effective Value Engineering Solution could be implemented showing a 50% saving when compared to the 40 mm thick collar.

Wood Wharf steel. Image credit: Cleveland Steel & Tubes
Wood Wharf. Image credit: Cleveland Steel & Tubes

Further reuse case studies using Cleveland Steel and Tubes

CISL Entopia Building

The former 1930s Telephone Exchange at 1 Regent Street, Cambridge, has been transformed into an ultra-low carbon sustainability hub. Read the full case study here.

Holbein Gardens

Holbein Gardens is one of London’s most sustainable office developments, proving the huge potential for transforming outdated office stock into exemplary workspaces. Read the full case study here.

ASBP's Reuse Now Campaign

This case study is part of ASBP’s Reuse Now Campaign. The campaign builds upon the ASBP-led DISRUPT project, which is exploring the innovative reuse of structural steel in construction through the creation and adoption of new circular business models. Project partners and supporters include reuse stalwarts Cleveland Steel & Tubes, global construction specialist ISG, National Federation of Demolition Contractors, and Grosvenor, the world’s largest privately-owned international property business.

ASBP has been working on the topic of material reuse for nearly 10 years, with past activities including the Re-Fab House feasibility study, research with University of Cambridge identifying the barriers to structural steel reuse, and more recently, a sold-out Reuse Summit.

This previous experience is further enhanced with in-house expertise from Technical Director Dr. Katherine Adams and Research Associate Dr. Asselya Katenbayeva, who bring 25+ years of academic and industry-focussed research and development on the topics of waste, reuse and circular economy.

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